Tips For Increasing Fuel Efficiency And Performance For Trucks
Nowadays everyone has their own ideas on how to save fuel. But then for truck drivers, saving fuel is entirely different due to the nature of their vehicles and work.
And if you are starting your own trucking business, the following tips will be very important for increasing fuel efficiency and performance for trucks and keep more money in your pocket.
Check Your Tires
Ensuring your wheels are properly inflated before you get into your truck greatly helps in reducing the amount of drag the engine should overcome.
It’s important that you get a pair of low rolling resistance tires (LRR). Any pair of tires that decrease the rolling resistance by 10% helps in improving gas mileage by more than 1% for most trucks.
Correct Wheel Alignment
Make sure you align all axles together instead of just the front axle alignment. A strong alignment ensures your tires last longer and thus fuel economy.
Some of the suggested intervals of wheel alignment are the first 12,500 miles then every other 60,000 miles covered or at a new tire installation.
Expand Engine Torque Ratings
This process will greatly lower the time that’s spent in the high output torque ranges which in turn lowers over revving. Over-revving will likely result when a driver is driving at high output torque ratings or elevated RPMs.
Over-revving can easily decrease your engine lifespan, leading to low fuel economy. Still, driving in a lower RPM range than the specified parameters of your engine can result to over-revving by necessitating increased downshifting.
Do Not Leave Your Truck Idle For More Than A Minute
During your truck’s start-up, your engine usually burns some extra fuel. However, leaving your engine idle for over a minute burns more diesel
than it would take to turn off the engine and then restart it.
However, one can make it easier by using a truck with “stop-start” technology. This type of vehicle automatically shuts off the engine and restarts immediately you take off your foot from the brake pedal. This technology cuts fuel consumption in vehicles by more than 5 percent.
APUs (Spec Auxiliary Power Units)
These units let truck drivers run applications such as air conditioning without necessarily running the engine.
However, since the APUs come as extra weight, the payload should be decreased so as to meet the weight limits for them to be efficient fuel savers.
Make Sure You Park Your Truck Under Shade Where Possible
For a lot of truck drivers, this may be quite difficult, but where possible, ensure that your truck is parked under a shade.
By parking under a shade you will be reducing evaporation of fuel and also help keep your vehicle cooler especially in summer.
Execute Engine Set Parameter Controls
Drive moderately. If you drive over 70mph, your fuel consumption increases thus demanding over 60% of the engine’s available horsepower.
By lowering your speed to 55mph, you can reduce horsepower demand to 40% thus reducing gas consumption. During a stop, truck drivers should always turn off the engine instead of leaving it idling which consumes a gallon of gas per hour.
Progressive shifting is also advisable. Truck drivers who shift quickly in lesser gears help in preventing over revving.
Keep Your Vehicle Well Serviced
Regular maintenance such as changing oil, air filter and fuel filters will increase the life of your truck as well as enhance fuel economy and reduce emissions.
Make sure you follow the schedule in your manufacturer’s manual.
Keep A Record Of Your Fuel Usage
Any drop or increase in your vehicles fuel consumption can be a sign of engine malfunction. Keep a record of your vehicles fuel usage by writing down the odometer reading and the gallons purchased every time you fill up.
To get an estimate of your fuel mileage, simply divide the total number of miles covered between fill ups by the number of gallons bought.
Most trucks nowadays come with special fuel habits are affecting mpg efficiency.
Upgrade Your Chassis
Chassis body transformations have greatly helped in reducing wind resistance to decrease the needed horsepower thus increasing fuel efficiency.
A light chassis weight also helps in maximizing fuel usage in your truck. However, with the reduced chassis and trailer weight, payloads may increase and counterbalance any fuel economy improvements.
Wide based or low profile tires and wheels can also greatly assist in increasing fuel efficiency by 5%. A low rolling resistance and decreased weight are the major contributors to fuel efficiency and performance for trucks.
Prevent Fuel Theft
Make use of an anti-siphoning insert that can be placed within the neck of a fuel tank. This device prevents anyone from inserting a hose into your fuel tank.
Check The Gear Ratio And Secure The Shifts
In older trucks, transmission repair and replacements are a way of life. If your repair attendant will open the transmission, you may request them to firm up the shifts and also check the axle gear ratio.
Where necessary, the repair attendant can also change your trucks rear axle gear ratio to one that’s more appropriate for the weight on your truck and how it will be driven (highway or city).
Follow the above tips and you will surely increase fuel efficiency and overall performance of your truck.
Daniel writes about all types of trucking topics and he founded R &J trucking to provide a place where new and prospective truckers can find trucking company reviews, learn about trucking challenges and salary, and many more useful trucking tips.